The National Treasury is further expected to monitor and enforce these norms. The National Treasury, therefore, not only implements the budget of the national government, but also plays a financial oversight role over other organs of state in all spheres of government. The National Treasury, together with the provincial treasuries, are responsible for administering the Municipal Finance Management Act MFMA , which is the central piece of legislation regulating all financial matters of municipalities.
It also gives effect to the principle of transparency as required by sections and of the Constitution. Local government plays a critical and complementary role in eliminating poverty and reducing inequality. Municipalities deliver basic services such as water, electricity, sanitation and solid waste removal. Municipalities also manage extensive public road networks, and support or provide public transport services. They also directly manage aspects of planning and regulatory systems that control land use, influence infrastructure roll-out and facilitate economic activity.
The Constitution requires a division of nationally raised resources between national, provincial and local government.
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This is done through the Division of Revenue Bill, which is tabled with the national budget. Transfers to local government are made through the equitable share and conditional grants. The equitable shares are determined by formulas that take into account demographic and developmental factors. Conditional grants are designed to achieve specific objectives, and municipalities must fulfil certain conditions to receive them. Local government raises revenue in the form of charges and taxes, and as a result only a percentage of their spending is financed through the division of revenue.
There are, however, significant disparities in municipal tax bases, and national transfers are particularly important for poor and rural municipalities. The current local government equitable share formula, therefore, supports municipalities with lower revenue-raising potential. AGSA annually produces audit reports on all government departments, public entities, municipalities and public institutions. Over and above these entity-specific reports, the audit outcomes are analysed in general reports that cover both the Public Finance Management Act and MFMA cycles.
In addition, reports on discretionary audits, performance audits, and other special audits are also produced. In addition to the determinations and redeterminations of municipal boundaries, the Board is also mandated by legislation to declare the district management areas, to delimit wards for local elections, and to assess the capacity of municipalities to perform their functions. Although AGSA audits the public sector, it is not part of it. This ensures its independence. It is also not bound by any public service rules and regulations.
Salga is funded through a combination of sources, including a national government grant, membership fees from provincial and local government associations that are voluntary members, and donations from the donor community for specific projects. The final decisions regarding the municipal boundary determinations were announced by the Board on 15 October The relevant notices in terms of Section 21 5 b of the Municipal Demarcation Act 27 of were published in the respective Provincial Government Gazettes from 17 October onwards.
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The final demarcation announcement saw the culmination of a process that started in , shortly after the previous local government elections. In terms of the announcement, the Board confirmed demarcation changes including variations to take effect on a to-be-determined future date. Currently, there are a total of municipalities, which fall into three categories metropolitan, district and local municipalities. In terms of the redeterminations, the total number of municipalities will be reduced to It is expected that the effective date of the redeterminations will be the date of the local government elections.
The demarcation changes that will amalgamate and affect the ongoing existence of current municipalities are as follows:. The following table summarises the current and future number of municipalities:. The municipalities and the demarcation of municipal boundaries published in this book reflect the status as at 1 December At this date, a number of future demarcation changes have already been finally determined by the Municipal Demarcation Board the Board but are not yet in effect. At the time of publication of this edition, it appears that these notices have not been published.
While the final effective dates still need to be published, it is certain that the effective dates of the redeterminations will not be before the date of the local government elections. It is also likely that the amalgamation of the Emfuleni, Midvaal and Sedibeng Municipalities will be contested by further legal action. No further changes to municipal boundaries will be considered by the Board until after the local government elections.
All new cases submitted to the Board will be referred back to the applicants for resubmission after the local government elections.
The full list of confirmed demarcation changes is available at www. The above figures are aggregated totals for Unauthorised, Irregular, Fruitless and Wasteful Expenditure. While the figures are aggregated for the purpose of this table, each type of expenditure is distinctly different in nature. Please refer to p17 for definitions and source information. The region boasts remarkable natural diversity, ranging from the semi-arid Great Karoo to the forests of the Wild Coast and the Keiskamma Valley, the fertile Langkloof and the mountainous southern Drakensberg region.
It covers an area of km2 and has a population of 6 It is the secondlargest province in South Africa by surface area and has the third-largest population.
The capital is Bhisho. The Eastern Cape has excellent agricultural and forestry potential.
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The fertile Langkloof Valley in the south-west has enormous deciduous fruit orchards, while the Karoo interior is an important sheep-farming area. The Alexandria-Grahamstown area produces pineapples, chicory and dairy products, while coffee and tea are cultivated at Magwa. People in the former Transkei region are dependent on the farming of cattle, maize and sorghum.
The metropolitan economies of Port Elizabeth and East London are based primarily on manufacturing, the most important industry being motor manufacturing. The Eastern Cape is divided into two metropolitan municipalities Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality and Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality and six district municipalities, which are further subdivided into 37 local municipalities. The boundaries of the newly established municipality now include a large area characterised by very different features. Other areas that were previously not included in either of them are now part of Buffalo City.
On 18 May it was separated from the Amathole District Municipality and converted into a metropolitan municipality. History was made in Buffalo City when the City elected its first female mayor on Friday, 17 March The area has a well-developed manufacturing base, with the auto industry playing a major role. The climate is mild, with year-round sunshine. Average rainfall is mm. A municipality. Nelson Mandela Bay is a major seaport and automotive manufacturing centre located on the south-eastern coast of Africa in the Eastern Cape province.
It is the economic powerhouse of the Eastern Cape province and one of six metropolitan areas in South Africa. The city is a holiday hot spot for both national and international tourists. Key Investment Opportunities: Automotive and components manufacturing; wool, mohair, textiles, clothing and leather; medicines; electronics; ICT; chlorine and petrochemical cluster; logistics; robotics; energy; agribusiness; world-class infrastructure for investment at the iconic Coega Industrial Development Zone IDZ and deep-water port of Ngqura.
The predominant languages spoken are English, Afrikaans and isiXhosa. Nelson Mandela Bay was the first city in South Africa to establish a fully integrated democratic local authority and the only city in the world named after Nelson Mandela, who was born and spent his formative years in the Eastern Cape. The district surface area has increased due to the incorporation of the Mbizana and Ntabankulu Local Municipalities. The changes resulted in Alfred Nzo District Municipality being formed by a total of wards.
The programme is aimed at building road sector management capacity at local government level. This was due to the unavailability of road network information, especially in the local government sphere. This made it very di cult to quantify the backlogs, as well as to plan and budget for the existing network and for future prioritisation. Vision There is a huge need for RRAMS training activities planning, visual inspections, GIS, asset management to improve professional competence, and this will lead to an improvement in the road sector within the country.
All the graduates were exposed to various aspects of training and credited with Continuous Personal Development CPD points. Local Job Creation District municipalities, together with their local municipalities, created jobs for local unskilled labourers tra c numerators , who are supervised by the RRAMS graduates. About temporary employment opportunities were created for numerators during the tra c counting process.
It adjoins Elundini Municipality to the south-west, Greater Kokstad Municipality to the east, and Lesotho to the north. It is one of the four local municipalities forming part of the Alfred Nzo District Municipality. The R56 road is a major arterial and trade route running through the municipality in an east-west direction, linking Matatiele with Kokstad to the east and Mount Fletcher to the west. It links the municipality with the KwaZuluNatal province and parts of the Eastern Cape province located south of Matatiele Municipality.
The western parts of the area commercial agricultural farms form part of the high production potential land stretching from Matatiele and Kokstad in the south through the KwaZulu-Natal Midlands to the north-western parts of KwaZulu-Natal. The Matatiele municipal area is composed of the commercial farmlands surrounding the service centre of Matatiele, the town of Cedarville, and the R township of Maluti. The municipality is predominantly rural in nature. The area is located at the foothills of the Drakensberg Mountains.
The latter was a collaborative initiative between South Africa and the Kingdom of Lesotho to protect the exceptional biodiversity of the Drakensberg and Maloti Mountains through conservation, sustainable resource use, and land-use and development planning. Agro-processing facilities development: wood processing facility; dairy processing facility; leather tannery; meat processing facility; crop and fruit processing; packaging and labelling facility; milling plant; meat and crop cold storage facility.